American Optometric Association documents

For those interested in research here are the optometric clinical practice guideline documents in PDF from the American Optometric Association website.

  1. Comprehensive Adult Eye and Vision Examination
    Of all the sensory information relayed to the brain, four-fifths is visual in origin. Eye and vision disorders have broad implications in health care because of their potential for causing disability, suffering, and loss of productivity.

  2. Pediatric Eye And Vision Examination
    Optometrists, through their clinical education, training, experience, and broad geographic distribution, have the means to provide effective primary eye and vision services to children in the United States.

  3. Diabetes Mellitus
    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with long-term macrovascular and microvascular complications, including diabetic nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy.

  4. Amblyopia
    Amblyopia, also referred to by the public as “lazy eye”, is a unilateral or infrequently bilateral condition in which the best corrected visual acuity is poorer than 20/20 in the absence of any obvious structural anomalies or ocular disease.

  5. Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (ACG)
    Primary angle closure glaucoma is a relatively uncommon condition in the United States, accounting for less than 10 percent of all diagnosed cases of glaucoma.

  6. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
    Age-related macular degeneration is an acquired retinal disorder with far-reaching psychosocial and economic implications.

  7. Anterior Uveitis
    Anterior uveitis is an intraocular inflammation of the uveal structures anterior to the middle of the vitreous cavity.

  8. Cataract
    Cataract is the major cause of blindness in the world and the most prevalent ocular disease.

  9. Open Angle Glaucoma (OAG)
    Glaucoma is not a single clinical entity but a group of ocular diseases with various causes that ultimately are associated with a progressive optic neuropathy leading to loss of vision function.

  10. Ocular Surface Disorders
    Conditions that alter the production, composition, or distribution of the preocular tear film (POTF) may result in symptoms or signs of damage to the structures of the ocular surface.

  11. Conjunctivitis
    Conjunctivitis is a nonspecific term used to describe an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which can be caused by a wide range of conditions.

  12. Strabismus: Esotropia and Exotropia
    Strabismus, often called “crossed-eyes” or “wall eyes,” is a condition in which the eyes are not properly aligned with each other. One eye is either constantly or intermittently turned in (esotropia) or out (exotropia).

  13. Retinal Detachment And Related Peripheral Vitreoretinal Disease
    A retinal detachment can have devastating visual consequences. The patient with retinal detachment may lose a portion or all of the vision in the involved eye, resulting in a significant reduction in visual performance.

  14. Visual Impairment (Low Vision Rehabilitation)
    Visual impairment is defined as a functional limitation of the eye(s) or visual system1 and can manifest as reduced visual acuity or contrast sensitivity, visual field loss, photophobia, diplopia, visual distortion, visual perceptual difficulties, or any combination of the above.

  15. :star2: Myopia :star2:
    Myopia is the refractive anomaly of the eye in which the conjugate focus of the retina is at some finite point in front of the eye, when the eye is not accommodating. It can also be described as the refractive condition in which parallel light rays from an object at optical infinity are focused by the eye in front of the retina, with accommodation relaxed.

  16. Hyperopia
    Hyperopia, also termed hypermetropia or farsightedness, is a common refractive error in children and adults.

  17. Presbyopia
    Presbyopia is an age-related visual impairment. It results from the gradual decrease in accommodation expected with age and can have multiple effects on quality of vision and quality of life.

  18. Accommodative and Vergence Dysfunction
    In some persons, the visual system is incapable of performing these types of activities efficiently either because these tasks lack the stereoscopic cues required for accurate vergence responses or because the tasks require accommodative and vergence functioning that is accurate and sustained without fatigue

  19. Contact Lens
    Contact lenses have been used, primarily to neutralize refractive errors, for more than 100 years, but they have achieved reasonable clinical success only in the last several decades.

  20. Learning Related Vision Problems
    Learning related vision problems represent deficits in two broad visual system components: visual efficiency and visual information processing.

Thanks to @FMR for beckoning the file source.


Awesome stuff. Will read them when I can. Thanks!

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